Economic Relations

Country Report: Japan (August 2021)

International relations were mostly on hold in July, August, and the first half of September as Japanese concentrated on the Tokyo Olympics and the election for LDP president […]

Country Report: Russia (September 2021)

Russian publications covered some important developments in the late summer of 2021. One was the death knell to eight years of Russo-Japanese exploration of a diplomatic breakthrough: a […]

Japan’s New Security Posture and Its Implications for Taiwan

In 2021 talk of conflict over Taiwan has grown to an unprecedented level, both in Japan and the United States. Bilateral plans for responding to Chinese coercion have […]

The Search for European Strategic Thinking on Russia and China

Prevailing trends in world politics, especially the return of great-power rivalry, create an urgent need for new strategic thinking in Europe. The effort to devise European strategic thinking […]

Europe’s Threat Assessments of Russia and China

European governments, NATO, the EU, and the G7 all identify China and Russia as threats; however, an analysis of threat assessments reveals a mix of unity and diversity. […]

The Illusion that Realism Is Driving Sino-Russian Relations

Accurately assessing the prospects of relations between Moscow and Beijing has been of great importance for seven decades and a persistent test for officials making policy, especially in […]

Country Report: Russia (July 2021)

In the late spring and early summer of 2021, Russians intensely discussed China even as they reaffirmed negative assessments of Biden’s foreign policy. Some pressed for a formal […]

Washington Insights Vol. 9, No. 3

All eyes were on the Biden administration in the first half of 2021. Through the winter it was ramping up through personnel decisions. From mid-March to late May […]

Country Report: China (June 2021)

In mid-2021, a Chinese analysis assessed the long-lasting impact of former Prime Minister Abe on Sino–Japanese relations. The author lamented the deterioration of Sino–Japanese relations in April, especially […]

Chinese Views of Hegemony and Multilateralism in the Biden Era

Multilateralism was the driving theme of Xi Jinping’s 2021 World Economic Forum (WEF) speech in January, advancing his message there four years ago supporting economic globalization. Addressing post-pandemic […]